TOJNED - Volume 11 - Issue 4 - October 2021

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A RESEARCH ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES CRIMES IN THE TRNC SECONDARY SCHOOLS DISCIPLINE DIRECTIVE

Ali Çoban, Aytaç Küçük, Peyda Çoban

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"Rules and Disciplinary Regulations to be followed in and out of Secondary Schools and Secondary Education Institutions" has been observed that the regulation named, which was last renewed in 1989, is not suitable for today's conditions. With the advancement of technology, many new crimes that have not been defined have emerged. In order to combat cybercrime in schools, it is necessary to amend the statute and determine new articles on "Information Technologies Crimes". In the transition process of countries to information society, the use of information technologies becomes an integral part of life. In this process, society uses more information technology and inevitably more cyber crimes are encountered. Many security problems occur with the use of information technologies in all areas of life. For this reason, it has become an important issue for students to use information technologies safely. Schools  are going through a similar process as a part of technological development and transformation into an information society in the TRNC. For this reason, it is necessary to include additional clauses in the disciplinary regulations in order to ensure the safety of everyone, as well as to use technology without being behind the times.

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A REVIEW OF MEASUREMENT AND ASSESSMENT IN DISTANCE EDUCATION

Osman Vaiz, Nesrin M. Bahçelerli, Hüseyin Minalay, Ayhan Türe, Pelin Ülgener, Hasan Yaşar

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This research aims to examine the functioning of the measurement and assessment process in distance education. Developments in education and communication technologies have enabled the development of distance education applications. Therefore, measurement and assessment methods are developing in parallel with these developments. This research was carried out with a compilation of qualitative research methods. The keywords determined for the purpose of the study were examined in the literature and the research findings were brought together. Alternative measurement and assessment methods that can be used within the scope of distance education include techniques such as portfolio, concept map, peer assessment, and performance evaluation. As a result of the research, it is seen that the use of process-oriented measurement and assessment methods within the scope of distance education enables the monitoring of the progress of the student and in this case, teachers can fulfill their guiding missions in distance education.

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CAUSES OF VIOLENCE IN SCHOOLS

Laden BORAN, İbrahim Mustafa TAŞKAN

DISTANCE EDUCATION IN THE PANDEMIC PROCESS: LIMITATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Elif BARDAK

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The pandemic declared due to the COVID-19 epidemic has been effective all over the world in 2020. From this process, health, economy, tourism, trade, sports, entertainment and so on. areas were adversely affected, as well as educational activities. Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, almost all educational institutions had to suspend face-to-face education and switch to distance education activities in this process. Although the concept of distance education is not a new phenomenon in the literature, it has become a subject that has been discussed and researched with the transfer of education to online environments due to the pandemic. In this study, it is aimed to investigate the limitations of the distance education subject in the pandemic process and the proposed proposed due to the pandemic that has affected the whole world and the importance of distance education activities. In the study, in which the document analysis technique, one of the qualitative research methods, was used, the literature for the purpose of the research was examined. As a result of the research, inadequacy of information and infrastructure problems in the transition process to distance education were revealed, and among the suggestions presented, it was revealed that students should be encouraged to actively participate in the course and support should be provided especially in terms of mental health in this process.

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EXAMINATION OF FEMALE TEACHER AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONCEPTS IN SCOPUS DATABASE IN TERMS OF VARIOUS VARIABLES

Münüre Ayar, Şengül Tümkan, Fahri Tümkan

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Today, change and development are experienced in every field. In the changing world, individuals have to
improve themselves. Professional development of individuals is important under competitive conditions. Starting
from this important point, the subject of professional development of female teachers has been discussed in
various studies.
In our research, it is aimed to examine the researches on the professional development of female teachers. In this
study, the researches made in the last twenty years in the fields of female teachers and professional development
concepts in the Scopus database were examined. As a result of this examination, 50 pieces of data were reached
and findings were revealed through various variables.
As a result of the research, the most research in the fields of female teachers and professional development; In
terms of year published, in 2017 and 2019, in terms of form, in social sciences, in terms of field, the universities
with the most publications are Arizona State University and An-Najah National University with 2 publications,
the authors with the most publications with 2 each. Baker,D., Krause, S, and Roberts, C, and the country with the
most publications was the United States of America.

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EXAMINATION OF THE IMPORTANCE OF MIND AND INTELLIGENCE GAMES BEING ELECTIVE COURSE IN TRNC SECONDARY EDUCATION SCHOOLS

İpek SÖNMEZKALE, Sedat ÖĞÜT, Serdal Işıktaş

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Today, science and technology change rapidly. Adapting to these changes depends on individuals' capacity to innovate and produce solutions. It is important for the individual to be able to produce unusual and original solutions to problems, to realize that a problem can have more than one solution, both for his own life and for his country. Any idea that facilitates the life of individuals and enables them to overcome a difficulty is the product of original thinking minds. The mind, which enables original thinking and producing original solutions, can be developed throughout human life. This development takes place more easily and quickly at a young age. The reason for teaching the mind and intelligence games course as an elective course in secondary schools is based on these foundations. The research is a qualitative study. The data of the study were obtained by semi-structured interview technique. The sample of this research consists of 48 participants working in TRNC secondary schools in the 2020-2021 academic year. 37 of the participants were female and 11 were male.

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EXPLORING THE VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES OF TUNISIAN PRE- SERVICE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

Karim Karmi

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The present study was exploratory in nature and its aim was twofold. First, it probed the vocabulary learning strategies of Tunisian pre-service primary school teachers. Second, it examined the impact of gender on the choice and use of vocabulary learning strategies. Data was collected through a questionnaire consisting of 23 Likert scale statements. The participants were (N= 202, 84 males and 118 females) Tunisian Pre-service primary school teachers enrolled on the Sciences of Education course at a Tunisian university. To probe the participants’ vocabulary learning strategies, I used descriptive statistics and I ran a Principal Component Analysis. To examine the effect of gender on the vocabulary learning strategies, I ran an Independent Samples t Test. The findings of the study showed that most pre-service teachers use a combination of vocabulary learning strategies. In other words,

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INVESTIGATION OF SCIENTIFIC STUDIES ON CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT DISCIPLINE MODELS OF CLASSROOM TEACHERS THROUGH CONTENT ANALYSIS

Rasiha Yerel Aroğlu

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An effective and successful classroom management significantly affects student participation and academic success. With the discipline model applied by the teacher on classroom management, it prevents the formation of undesirable behaviors in students, and increases the desire and motivation towards the lesson. As a part of classroom management, discipline supports students to learn more effectively and efficiently. In this respect, discipline is necessary for both students and teachers in providing a positive learning environment. The study is a general evaluation study conducted to examine the classroom teachers' classroom management discipline models. For this purpose, for 50 articles randomly selected from the studies conducted between 2015-2020; Distribution by years, type of research, research methods frequently used in studies, data collection tools, frequently used sample and sample size were evaluated. For this purpose, the "article review form" was used and the articles were subjected to content analysis.

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META-ANALYSIS STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT VARIABLES ON NOMOPHOBIA AND PHOMOPHOBIA

Mehmet Beyazsacli, Ahmet Arnavut

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The goal of this study is to investigate the effect sizes of some variables related to nomophobia and fomophobia. Relational effect sizes between Ego Integrity, Social Media Use, Technology Addiction and Psychological Disorders were examined. The data were obtained from thesis and article studies conducted between 2016-2019. Study data were obtained from smartphone addiction (nomophobia) and fear of kidnapping (fomophobia). Studies meeting the criteria were obtained from popular databases such as Web of Science and Scopus. The study universe includes studies on nomophobia and homophobia addictions. Criterion sampling method was used in the selection of studies representing the universe. The data are based on the data obtained from the nomophobia and fomophobia measurement tools, the reliability of the measurement tools, and the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, correlation and sample size values of the quantitative studies. In accordance with these criteria, a total of 45 studies were included in the meta-analysis. In the meta-analysis, Begg and Mazumdar Rank Difference Correlation, Classic Fail-Safe N Test, Forest Chart, Q value, p significance level were calculated. The significance level of the research is 0.05. The results of the study were discussed within the scope of literature studies. Among the results of this study, the effect size of fomophobia on Psychological Disorders was remarkable. It is expected to shed light on the experts working in this field in order to better understand the psychological problems that arise with the new addictions of the digital age.

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OPINIONS AND PERCEPTIONS OF EDUCATIONAL SUPERVISORS WORKING IN TRNC ON THEIR AUDITOR'S DUTIES AND THE FULFILLMENT OF THEIR SUPERVISORY DUTIES

Nazife Uçar

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The aim of this research is; The aim is to reveal the views and perceptions of the education supervisors working in the TRNC about their supervisory duties and the fulfillment of their supervisory duties, and to propose solutions in line with the results. The research is a qualitative research method and is a case study. A semi-structured interview form was used as a data collection tool in the research. In the interview form, five questions were asked to the supervisors to determine their views and perceptions about supervisory duties and the fulfillment of supervisory duties. The research group consists of 17 auditors working in the 2020-2021 academic year. The obtained data were analyzed according to descriptive and content analysis methods. At the end of the research, education supervisors; Regarding the fulfillment of their supervisor duties, the majority of the education supervisors think that they are not able to fulfill them fully. The majority of the supervisors are of the opinion that they can fulfill their teacher supervision and guidance duties at most. Some supervisors, on the other hand, perform more preliminary research, research general supervision and investigation duties. Supervisors are of the opinion that the authorities are not sufficient in the performance of their duties and the adequacy of the powers given to the supervisors and that the legal powers that support this view cannot be used. The auditors are of the opinion that the lack of clear authority in this regard. The auditors think that the prepared auditor's reports are mostly ignored and not evaluated regarding the consideration and evaluation. Supervisors mostly think that the distribution of tasks related to the assignment of supervisor duties to supervisors is not fair, clear, transparent and planned. The majority of the education supervisors are of the opinion that the MEDDYK Board Law should be implemented, the regulations related to the law should be put into effect, and the Supreme Council should be established and the duties should be carried out openly and transparently in accordance with the law.

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OPINIONS OF UNIVERSITY, SECONDARY/HIGH SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS, TEACHERS AND STUDENTS ON EDUCATIONAL POLICIES IN TRNC VOCATIONAL TECHNICAL SCHOOLS DURING COVID-19

Oya Erdoğdu DENİZER

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The crisis created by the coronavirus around the world continues to have negative effects on our social, financial, spiritual lives and education, especially on health, and it does not seem possible to say anything clear about when it will end. The coronavirus has created a serious crisis around the world, and this crisis has put on our agenda that open and distance education applications are actually indispensable as a basic learning resource in solving the problems faced in education. The problem is not regional but global, and if the right steps are not taken in education at this point, the pandemic process seems to cause serious educational disruptions around the world. For this reason, it is clear that the education system needs functional touches that will reduce the negative effects of the pandemic on education and disperse the dark clouds on education, both on a global scale and on a national scale.
Significant movements are observed in the texture of the Turkish Cypriot society, in its demographic structure, in the quality of the family, in its understanding of consumption, in human rights, in the political field, in science and technology. In this context, from the education itself; It is expected that every child will continue to develop, socialize, transform democracy into a way of thinking and life, ensure vertical mobility in society through equal opportunities and meet the demand for labor in the economy.
Regarding the current and future education policy of students, teachers, secondary/high school administrators and universities in the current and future education policies of the TRNC National Education System against covid-19, vocational technical, secondary/high school schools, current and future education policies in the TRNC during the Covid-19 process. Future expectations and the views of students, teachers, administrators and academicians from universities in education policy are emphasized.

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THE EFFECT OF MATHEMATICS CONTENT KNOWLEDGE OF CLASSROOM TEACHERS ON TEACHING MATHEMATICS

Bahar KUMSAL, Gözde ATAKAN, Gülden A. KASAPOĞLU, Melike KAYIKCI

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The purpose of this research is to examine the effects of the content knowledge of the teaching of mathematics on mathematics teaching, factors and self-efficacy perceptions by taking the opinions of primary school teachers about their competencies in teaching mathematics and their competencies in mathematics teaching. For this purpose, the research was carried out with an interview form, one of the qualitative research studies. The data of the study were collected from 30 classroom teachers on a voluntary basis with a semi-structured interview form consisting of four open-ended questions. The obtained data were analyzed by content analysis method. As a result of the research, it was determined that the mathematics content knowledge of the participants in mathematics teaching differs in terms of gender, seniority, and grade level. In the light of the findings, suggestions were made to researchers and classroom teachers.

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THE EFFECTS OF SUPERVISORS ON THE BEHAVIOR OF INDIVIDUALS IN TAKING CONTROL OF EDUCATION

Oya Erdoğdu DENİZER

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It is defined as an indispensable part of life, and employees spend most of their days at work and with their colleagues for many years. For this reason, job satisfaction of the employee is a very important issue in terms of psychological and physical health, and efforts to increase job satisfaction by developing employees have been among the priority issues of institutions for many years. Development of talents, knowledge and skills of employees; It will positively affect working life and private life, and will also make employees feel valuable (Telman and Ünsal 2004). According to many researchers, job satisfaction, which is accepted as a dynamic phenomenon, expresses the positive feelings and attitudes of employees towards their jobs (Faragher, Cass and Cooper 2005). It was prepared with the expectation of creating a direct change of thought and behavior on the target audience in controlling education, and its main purpose is to evaluate the approaches and effects of supervisors on individuals.

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THE EXAMINING OF THE IMPORTANCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE COMPETENCIES OF TEACHERS IN TERMS OF VIRTUAL CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT

Çağrı YAŞAR

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Developments in information and communication technologies bring about changes in the field of education as well as in different areas of life. It is expected that teachers, who are a part of the education system that goes on the path of renewal in parallel with the developing technology, have knowledge and skills in the field of developing technology and use these skills in raising new generation students. Due to the global pandemic, there has been a mandatory transition in virtual classroom applications. Therefore, virtual classroom management is of great importance in terms of effective learning and teaching in virtual classrooms. The purpose of this research is to examine the importance of teachers' technological knowledge competencies in terms of virtual classroom management. In the study conducted with the document analysis method, which is one of the qualitative research methods, the relevant literature was examined and the findings were discussed. As a result of the research, the importance of teachers to have sufficient knowledge in this direction has been revealed in order to carry out the education carried to digital platforms with the pandemic effectively and efficiently. In virtual classroom management, unlike traditional classroom management, it is seen that there is a need for the development of technological infrastructure, as well as the need for teachers to be supported in order to develop their knowledge and skills through seminars and trainings in this field.

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THE IMPORTANCE OF OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES IN THE DIGITAL AGE

Oğuz COŞAN

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Technology plays a much larger role in the digital age than in previous generations, and it has become important today that education adapts to this digitalization. Sharing educational resources was traditionally limited in the competitive world of higher education. Educational institutions keep their educational materials and resources private. Today, an increasing number of institutions and individuals have made such digital resources available for distribution on the Internet by removing legal, financial, and technical hurdles. Open Educational Resources (OER) creates the right way to provide free and accessible education to all and access information for the public good. It is important that OER is inexpensive and freely adaptable. The ability to adapt and modify content provides a significant advantage, especially when targeting specific populations such as the disabled or those with special needs. This research aimed to reveal the importance of open educational resources (OER) in the digital age. The research was carried out with the compilation study method, one of the qualitative research methods, and the researches made for the purpose of the research were examined.

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THE NECESSITY AND IMPORTANCE OF DIGITAL LITERACY IN THE COVID-19 PROCESS

Simen Egeli, Erinç Sağdinç

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Digital Literacy is the awareness attitudes and abilities of individuals to identify, access, and use digital tools and resources appropriately. It also encompasses the entire process of managing, integrating, evaluating, analyzing digital resources, creating new knowledge, creating media expressions, enabling constructive social action, communicating with others in the context of specific life situations. Due to the Covid 19 pandemic, the transfer of education to digital environments and the distance education across the world have revealed the necessity of digital literacy. This research aims to reveal the importance and necessity of digital literacy in the Covid 19 process. In the study, which was derived within the scope of document analysis, the literature for the purpose of the research was examined. As a result, digital literacy skills are important in order to adapt to the changing and developing world and to access information.

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THE OPINIONS OF CANDIDATE TEACHERS ON DUTIES OF GUIDANCE OF EDUCATIONAL SUPERVISORS

Meltem Adalı

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The aim of this research is to develop suggestions by examining the opinions of the teacher candidates working in the schools affiliated to the Ministry of National Education and Culture of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and the educational supervisors' views on the fulfillment of their guidance duties and their contribution to the internship process. In order to achieve this aim, interview technique, one of the qualitative research methods, was applied. A semi-structured interview form was used as a data collection tool. Both descriptive and content analysis were used in the analysis of the data. The study group of this research consists of 11 education supervisors, 3 retired education supervisors and 74 candidate teachers working under the Ministry of National Education in the TRNC. According to the data obtained from the research findings, nearly half of the candidate teachers stated that the guidance applied to them by the supervisors was not at the desired level. When the opinions of the education supervisors were examined, it was seen that many problems were encountered while performing their guidance duties. These problems are generally; insufficient number of vehicles, lack of branch supervisors, transportation difficulties, excessive workload, and long process in investigation tasks. In order for education supervisors to fulfill their duties efficiently, it has been revealed in the research that studies should be carried out to solve these problems that have been going on for years.

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THE RELATIONSHIP OF ADULT GUILT WITH CHILDHOOD

Demet KARAKARTAL

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Childhood experiences can contain many life events that individuals can carry in the following years, and these life events can be positive as well as include traumatic experiences. Childhood trauma experiences can have lifelong experiences that can affect the emotional, cognitive, physical, behavioral and social development of children who have not reached the age of 18. Childhood traumas can bring stress, cause a significant increase in psychological symptoms in adulthood, and also pave the way for the formation of adult delinquency. Made works; It reveals that individuals who tend to criminal behavior have a problematic family history and this shows us how important the childhood period is in the development of criminality. Therefore, since childhood traumas are thought to lead the individual to behaviors that can be considered criminal, this study aims to examine the relationship between adult guilt and childhood traumas.

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THE VIEWS OF TRNC PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS ON THE APPLICABILITY OF TEACHING PROGRAMS

Sermin İyican

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Parallel to the changes made in the curriculum within the framework of contemporary education approaches in the world and in Turkey, the curriculum that has been implemented in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus since 2005 has been reconstituted. The biggest change in the new curricula is the replacement of the traditional 'teacher centered' approach based on the adopted behaviorist education theory of the old curricula by the 'student centered' constructivist approaches based on behavioral cognitive theory. In principle, new education programs that adopt a constructivist approach and target student-centeredness include cognitive-affective features and necessary skills. This study aimed to reveal the views of primary school teachers about the primary school curriculum, which was renewed in 2005 and is being implemented today. For this purpose, an open-ended interview form was applied to primary school teachers based on qualitative research. 60 primary school teachers working under the TRNC Ministry of National Education Department of Primary Education participated in this research. As a result of the research, it was seen that primary school teachers had both positive and negative thoughts about the curriculum prepared with the constructivist approach. The data obtained in the research were analyzed by content analysis. The fact that the primary school curriculum, which is implemented in line with the data obtained in the research and prepared with a constructivist approach, is student-centered was evaluated as a positive development by the teachers. On the other hand, negative opinions were expressed by the teachers that the duration of the lessons is insufficient in the implementation of the curriculum, which is stated to contain too many gains, and the crowded classes do not allow the application of student-centered education.

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WHAT AFFECTED TEACHER MOTIVATION DURING THE PANDEMIC PROCESS?

Gökay ESER, Burcu Yeşilada ESER, Akış YEŞİLADA, Süleyman Demirel UZUN, Emine Vaiz ÖZÖREN

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Covid-19 pandemic, which emerged in 2020 and rapidly became the world's biggest problem, has transformed our daily lives considerably. Covid-19 pandemic has also greatly changed the general functioning of educational institutions in our country. In this study, it was aimed to obtain the opinions of teachers working in secondary education institutions about their motivation in the pandemic process.
In the study, interviews were conducted with 15 teachers at Namık Kemal High School, the only regular high school in Famagusta region, and data were collected and analyzed with a qualitative method.
In terms of data analysis, the data obtained from the interviews were synthesized and described, then summarized and interpreted. Recommendations were made in line with the results.

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