The Online Journal of New Horizons in Education
 


TOJNED - Volume 8 - Issue 2 - April 2018

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ACADEMIC BURNOUT AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF AGRICULTURAL STUDENTS

Mahtab Pouratashi

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Abstract:

Academic burnout is one of the major challenges of educational system. The purpose of this study is to
investigate the relationship between academic burnout and academic performance of agricultural students. A
sample of 247 students from Iranian Colleges of agriculture was randomly selected and answered to the
questionnaire. Reliability and validity of instrument were determined through opinions of faculty members and
application of Cronbach's Alpha. Data were analyzed descriptively and inferentially using SPSS (Statistical
Package for Social Science)/Windows. Our study implied that both similarities and differences could be
observed on the factors influencing academic burnout of agricultural students. The model obtained in the study
revealed that the three dimensions of academic burnout had negative and significant effects on academic
performance.The results of regression analysis revealed that academic inefficacy could explain the most
variation in academic performance of agricultural students. Based on the findings, recommendations were put
forth.

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COMPARISON OF GENERAL MUSIC CULTURE OF CITIZENS LIVING IN NEIGHBOR METROPOLISES TRABZON/TURKEY AND BATUMI/GEORGIA

Işıl Güneş Modiri Dilek

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Abstract:

People’s knowledge about classical world music, composers, performers and much known basic music
concepts, constitute their general musical culture. This research was carried out in order to compare of the
people’s general musical cultures of two neighbouring cities: Trabzon/Turkey and Batumi/Georgia. The study's
study group consisted of n =20 (10 + 10) randomly selected from the people living in the cities of Trabzon and
Batumi, in the regions where the families from the middle socio-economic level reside. The research was a
qualitative study and the interview form consisting of open- ended questions developed by the researcher was
used for determining the general music cultures of the study group. The obtained data were analyzed by
descriptive analysis. At the end of the research, the general music cultures of the people living in neighbouring
cities “Trabzon and Batumi” from “Turkey and Georgia” had been compared via their answers and the results
had been interpreted and made some evaluations.

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CONTROLLING DRUG ABUSE AND VIOLENCE AMONG ADOLESCENT CHILDREN THROUGH PLANNED GUIDANCE PROGRAMME: IMPLICATION FOR PARENTS AND TEACHERS

ALAKU, ASHEOTSALA .A.

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In the world today, adolescent children or youths are considered to be a veritable tool for achieving socio-economic
development because they constitute the active population. But in some places especially in Nigeria youths are used
as instruments of destruction because parental, biological curiosity and so many other factors predisposes them to
drug abuse and later to violence. This paper examined how guidance programme can be use to control high rate of
drug abuse and violence among adolescent children. The paper further discussed the concept of adolescence, drug
abuse and violence and paper finally recommended that there should be home front conuselling and that parents
should live an examplary life for their children to emulate.

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DEVELOPMENT OF ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENTS HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS ON SCIENCE SUBJECTS FOR STUDENT GRADE EIGHT JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL

Khoiriah, Tri Jalmo, Abdurrahman

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This study aims to produce an assessment instrument that meets the eligibility criteria as a higher order thinking
skills (HOTS) assessment instrument. The research procedure adapted from the R & D model refers to Gall, et
al. (2003). The design of the main field test study used pre-experimental type one-shot case study. Subjects involving
174 students of grade nine at Junior High School in Bandar Lampung at Lampung Province, Indonesia
with random sampling technique. The eligibility criteria for HOTS assessment instruments were collected using
theoretical validation sheet and empirical validity. Data analysis is done by descriptive statistic and anates
program. The result of data analysis show theoretical validity covering material aspect 84,00% (valid);
construction 93,35% (very valid); language is 87,13% (very valid) whereas empirical validity includes the
validity coefficient of 0,70 (high); reliability 0,82 (very high); difficulty level 7,50% (difficult): 77,50%
(moderate): 15,00% (easy); power difference 10,00% (good) and 90,00% (sufficient); functionality of deception
67,50% (very good) and 32,50% (good).

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EFFECT OF INFORMAL COOPERATIVE LEARNING STRATEGY IN BIOLOGY ACHIEVEMENT ON LEARNERS OF DIVERSE ABILITY

Sangeeta Yaduvanshi, Sunita Singh

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The present study explored the effect of Informal cooperative learning on performance of lower, average and
higher achievers ninth grade Biology students. An experimental research design with equivalent group was
used. A school was purposively selected and two groups were formed by random distribution of students in two
groups. The groups were equated on the basis of intelligence and previous academic achievement scores. The
sample consisted of 62 participants out of them 30 students constitute the experimental group and was taught
using cooperative learning strategy (CLS) while 32 students comprises the control group taught using traditional
teaching methods. Pre- and post-tests were used to collect data. Data were analysed using inferential statistics:
independent student t-test and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). The results of the present study showed that
the experimental group outperformed to control group suggesting that CLS enhanced performance of lower,
average and high achievers more than the traditional teaching approach.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF LEARNING METHOD CONTEXTUAL TEACHING LEARNING (CTL) FOR INCREASING LEARNING OUTCOMES OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION

Chrisant Florence Lotulung, Nurdin Ibrahim, Hetty Tumurang

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Entrepreneur is a process or a way to conduct a business that aims to obtain the expected results or profits by
producing, selling or renting a product of goods or services. In college, entrepreneurship courses are given to
equip the students so that after they graduate they can entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship courses are still not
effective because the learning process that took place is not optimal. This is because the method of learning used
by lecturers is just a lecture. One of the learning models that can be used to achieve these three competencies is
the Contextual Teaching Learning model. If someone has done the act of learning it will be seen a change in one
or several aspects of the behavior. What is meant is the result of entrepreneurship learning is a manifestation of
the ability achieved, controlled or owned by the individual in this case the student after receiving an
entrepreneurial learning experience and the results can be knowledge, understanding and application of concepts,
calculation of problem solving based on the subject.

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HANDS-ON, MINDS-ON AND HEARTS-ON ACTIVITIES IN HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEACHING: A COMPARISON BETWEEN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN NEPAL

Kamal Prasad Acharya

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Abstract:

This study examined the comparison among cognitive (minds-on), affective (hearts-on) and psychomotor
(hands-on) activities in science instructional practices among the public and private schools of Kathmandu
valley. It is carried out on 60 science teachers; thirty from each public and private schools. It used the
hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) analyses in which the students and teachers classroom activities were
observed relating with emphasizing motivation to learn science, science instructional practices, field visits and
excursions, linking science outside the classrooms, improvisation of instructional materials, group activities and
science content delivery approach over a period of six months. It was found out that using the practical activities
in teaching and learning science showed a high degree positive effect on students’ achievement, use of teacher
centered lecture method had a remarkably negative effect on the students’ achievement in science subject.
Public schools were significantly better in doing hands-on and hearts-on activities and are creating a warm and
self-motivation to study and learn science comparing with private schools. Private schools were doing better in
minds-on activities that is based on recitation of the content.

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INTEGRATED MODULE LEARNING IN ACCOUNTING: EVIDENCE OF INDONESIA

Agung Listiadi

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Learning outcomes of each learner will be different, because every student has certain limitations that are different
from other learners in terms of capability and mastering the material, even if the object / the same assessment
criteria. For the learning modules that match the characteristic of learners very supportive in improving learning
outcomes. The module is basically a self-instruction. Therefore, the module emphasizes learning through active role
of learners to learn your self. The aim of research to determine differences in learning outcomes before and after
application of the accounting module spreadsheet-based trading company and an integrated spreadsheet. To
determine the difference in experimental design used models one group pretest-posttest, with respondent’s students
majoring in accounting education. The results showed there are differences in learning outcomes convincing before
and after using the accounting module spreadsheet-based trading company and an integrated spreadsheet. The use of
modules in learning more feasible in bringing about innovation and creativity in students this case because it focuses
on the individual skills of learners. Learning to use the modules making learners can measure their own abilities and
be able to improve their own abilities without feeling pressured.

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NARRATIVE INQUIRY CURRICULUM: A NEW APPROACH TO THE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENT-TEACHERS AT FARHANGIAN UNIVERSITY

Farhad Seraji, Zohreh Karami, Mohammad Attaran

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Abstract:

This study was conducted to investigate the role of narrative inquiry curriculum in the professional development of
student-teachers at Farhangian University of Iran. This is a quasi-experimental study including a pretest, a posttest, a
control group, and an experimental group. The statistical population included the student-teachers of Farhangian
University at Shahid Bahonar Campus in Hamadan. The students studying elementary education were selected as
the research sample. Then the experimental and control groups were selected randomly. The experimental group was
trained in narrative inquiry curriculum based on the professional development for one semester, and the control
group was trained in the narrative inquiry curriculum designed by Farhangian University. Both groups were
evaluated using a researcher-made tool before and after the training programs. Multivariate ANCOVA was
employed to analyze the results. After conducting the training programs, the two groups were significantly different
in knowledge, competence and attitude. Involving student-teachers in the narrative inquiry curriculum with the
purpose of professional development can change their roles to the creators of knowledge. It can also develop their
knowledge, competence and attitudes.

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NAVIGATING THE DARK SIDE OF MOTIVATION IN LEARNING ENGLISH: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

Hamed Barjesteh

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This study sought to uncover the demotivating factors in learning English language among Iranian university
students. In so doing, from the population of students studying at Islamic Azad University master students of
teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL) and Clinical psychology (CP) were selected based on a purposive
sampling method. To uncover the most frequent demotivating factors in learning English, the subjects were
asked to fill out a translated version of a demotivating questionnaire developed by Sakai and Kikuchi (2009). In
addition, a semi-structured interview was conducted to uncover what factors can help students overcome their
demotivation. The findings revealed a number of demotivating factors in learning English such as the size of
classroom, teachers' behavior, inadequate use of digital apparatus, and the lack of communication activities to
name a few. In addition, some suggestions were proposed to overcome the dark side of motivation in learning
English. Knowing how students perceive the demotivating factors may help teachers, policy makers, and
syllabus designers to take into account factors promoting the success and the rate of second language learning as
general and learning English at university in particular.

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NEGLECTING IMPLICATIONS OF PERSONS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS IN NIGERIA:ROLE OF TEACHERS

Juliana Rotkangmwa Bodang, Emmanuel Agbo Owobi

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Abstract:

The paper attempts to examine the implication of neglecting persons with special needs in Nigeria. The paper
identified the different areas in which persons with special needs are been neglected. The paper further posits
that total integration is what persons with special needs require to take their rightful place in the society. The
paper concludes that full integration of persons with special needs can only succeed where government and
others are prepared to provide functional, free and qualitative education, enabling laws, employment
opportunities, quality personnel, adequate infrastructure and relevant instructional materials; among others.

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PROBLEMS AND SOLUTION PROPOSALS IN "SCHOOL EXPERIENCE AND TEACHING PRACTICE" COURSES IN DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS EDUCATION

Cansu Bakırcı, Sevil Büyükalan Filiz

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Abstract:

The aim of this study is to determine the problems experienced by the pre-service mathematics teachers,course
lecturers and practice teachersduring the School Experience and Teaching Practice courses and solutions that are
suggested for these problems. This study is a qualitative study.The study group of the research consists of 40
students who are senior students in the spring semester of 2016-2017 academic year in Gazi University, Faculty
of Education and 14 course lecturers and 8 practice teachers who took part in the School Experience and
Teaching Practice courses.Astructured interview form was used as data collection tool. Study results
demonstrated that most frequently mentioned problems are thatpractice teachersdo not allow pre-service
teachers to teach four lesson hours that pre-service teachers are obliged to, the insufficiency of school
administrators and coordinators' knowledge of the new implementation system, lack of communication,
cooperation and coordination between the university and the school and insufficient evaluation.

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PROMOTING PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN MULTICULTURAL SCHOOLS: IMPLICATIONS FOR EDUCATORS

Brian Vassallo

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In Malta, the number of foreign children is causing educators to think of new strategies which diversifies
parental involvement in schools. It is no secret that parental involvement is an essential component of children’s
education. However, the engagement of parents in intercultural school setups is becoming increasingly
challenging.
Teachers whose background is rather homogenous and with minimal exposure to the cultural subtleties of
students coming from different backgrounds tend to develop pedagogies which are apt to their own cultural
makeup – unwittingly disregarding the fact and the changing cultural environment around them. Teachers tend
to assume that that all students are able to learn irrespective of cultural and linguistic disparities, hence they
adopt pedagogical strategies based on perceived value free assumptions and strategies. Pedagogical strategies
are often applied as a ‘one size fits all’ without considering the impact which cultural and linguistic have on
parental involvement and student academic success (Valenzuela, 2010; CCTC, 2013).
School staff may find it difficult to appreciate that students whose culture differs from the dominant culture are
almost coerced into accepting the cultural establishment permeating their educational development in schools.
Teachers may also be unwittingly placing on parents the huge burden of obtaining such capital, resulting in
undue pressure on students which frequently goes unnoticed.

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TEN SIMPLE TIPS FOR TEACHING UNDERPREPARED STUDENTS IN COLLEGE CLASSROOMS

Beatrice Darden-Woody, Mona Bryant-Shanklin

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Some students who enter college may be “underprepared” to compete at the college level. Because of less
competitive entry requirements, many of these students may be attracted to minority serving institutions (MSI’s)
and community colleges. The growing number of underprepared students is well documented in the literature
(Sheree, Wilson, & Dole, 2014; Aronowitz, 2011; Wilson, 2010; Dobell, 2006). Consequently, college faculty,
particularly those who teach at minority serving institutions (MSI’s) and community colleges may be
experiencing increased numbers of students who simply do not possess basic skills in reading and mathematics
appropriate for college level success. The result is that these students end up performing on a “learning curve”
or a compromised rate of performance which may prevent progress necessary to graduate and/or compete in job
markets available to college educated students. Additionally, professors and instructors are forced to include
additional material in their lectures to try to “catch these students up” to the point of college-ready students.
This article is written to provide tips to teaching faculty who encounter “underprepared” students.

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USE IT OR LOSE IT; L2 LISTENING ATTRITION OVER A SEMESTER

Omar Karlin, Sayaka Karlin

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Forty Japanese university students in an intercultural communication program at a private university in Tokyo were
split into two groups to determine the L2 listening attrition that occurred over a semester. The treatment group was
given intensive listening homework which involved transcribing a popular American television show, while the
control group was not given any listening homework. After calculating Rasch person measures for each student, and
conducting paired-sample t-tests, results indicated a significant decrease in L2 listening ability relative to other
students for the control group. Of the five variables being measured on an end-of-semester listening exam; all items,
all listening items, non-textbook listening items, textbook listening items, and vocabulary items, a significant
decrease was evident in the variables all items (t(20) = 3.61, p < .05), all listening items (t(20) = 2.89, p < .05), and
vocabulary items (t(20) = 2.90, p < .05) for the control group. No significant decreases in ability were evident for
the treatment group.

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USING TWO-TIER TEST TO ASSESS THE FOURTH YEAR STUDENTS′ LEARNING AND ALTERNATIVE CONCEPTIONS IN ACID-BASE

Masoumeh Ghalkhani, Ansar Mirzaei

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Abstract:

Since the chemistry concepts are complex and abstract, thought of by students as complex as understanding,
identifying and investigation of misconceptions is important because misconceptions is considered as one of the
preventives to perpetual and meaningful students′ understanding. The purpose of the present study was to identify
and assessing the fourth year students̕ misconceptions of acid–base chemistry in high schools of Marivan using a
two-tier multiple choice diagnostic instrument. In pilot study, a test with 30 multiple-choice diagnostic questions
was written concerning to the goal-content’s table according to Bloom s taxonomy. Thirty participants were selected
by using attainable sampling the high school fourth year students in Marivan city. With attention to the obtained
amount of Cronbakh̕s Alpha (α=0.74), it was specified that designed questions verified with mentioned instructional
objectives of goal-content̕ s table. With using Difficulty Coefficient, Distinction Coefficient and Internal
Consistency coefficients, 12 unfit questions deleted and 18 questions remained. The main test was run on 120
students who were chosen by attainable sampling in the high school fourth year students in Marivan city. Data were
analysed with use of descriptive statistics examinations (frequency, percent, average and standard deviation) and 2.
Results showed that students had misconceptions in acid and base chemistry concepts: acid–base theories
application, acid-base reactions, conjugate acid–base pairs, monoprotic and polyprotic acids, strong and weak
acids/bases, pH and pOH concepts, ionization constant and kind of salts. Notably, no significant difference in the
amount of misconceptions was found between the experimental and mathematical branches.

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