The Online Journal of New Horizons in Education
 


TOJNED - Volume 8 - Issue 3 - July 2018

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AN EXAMINATION OF TEACHER’S CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT: DO GENDER STEREOTYPES MATTER IN THE STUDENT-TEACHER RELATIONSHIPS?

Jerome St-Amand

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The objective of this study seeks to shed light on gender stereotypes
conveyed by high school teachers with regard to classroom management. Using the
Critical Incident Technique (CIT) (Flanagan, 1954), we interviewed 429 high school
students in the Quebec City area (Canada) and asked them to recall an event in
which they had witnessed a behavior from a teacher that is deemed to perpetuate
gender stereotypes. We then asked students to explain the reported behavior. The
results of this research enabled us to identify the focal areas of these gender
stereotypes, and the reasons why teachers exhibited stereotypical behaviors in their
social relation with students. We discuss strategies that can be implemented by
teachers to avoid conveying gender stereotypes in the classroom.

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EARLY INTRODUCTION OF HYPOTHESIS TESTING IN INTRODUCTORY STATISTICS: A PILOT STUDY 10

Heidi HULSIZER, Aminul HUQ, Wei WEI

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The placement of hypothesis testing in the timeline of an introductory statistics curriculum might
have significant effects on learning outcomes. This study aims to investigate whether the introduction of the
concept of hypothesis testing early in the semester significantly increased student understanding of the topics
surrounding it. Students were assessed on various aspects of hypothesis testing: the inquiry process,
formulation, algorithm, and decision making. The data indicated that the introduction of hypothesis testing early
in the semester had significant, positive results on student performance, compared to introducing hypothesis
testing later in the semester.

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EDUCATIONAL REFORMS IN LATIN AMERICA AND TEACHERS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY 20

César Augusto Aguirre León

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It is presented an approach to the implementation of different educational
reforms in Latin America in the last 30 years, evaluating the role of the teacher in
the implementation of them and their location in the scaffolding of 21st century
society. From this perspective, it is analyzed the importance that currently has the
design of learning environments that take into account ICT and the possible clashes
between State policies that seek the unification of strategies when the resources
offered today by technology invite to a multiplicity of paths to follow in pursuit of
learning goals.

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EFFECT OF INFORMAL COOPERATIVE LEARNING STRATEGY IN BIOLOGY ACHIEVEMENT ON LEARNERS OF DIVERSE ABILITY

Sangeeta Yaduvanshi, Sunita Singh

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The present study explored the effect of Informal cooperative learning on performance of lower,
average and higher achievers ninth Grade biology students. A quasi-experimental research design with
equivalent group was used. A school was purposively selected and two groups were formed by random
distribution of students in two groups. The groups were equated on the basis of intelligence and previous
academic achievement scores. The sample consisted of 62 participants out of them 30 students constitute the
experimental group and was taught using cooperative learning strategy (CLS) while 32 students comprises the
control group taught using traditional teaching methods. Pre- and post-tests were used to collect data. Data were
analysed using inferential statistics: independent student t-test and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). Results
of the present study showed that experimental group outperformed to control group suggesting that CLS
enhanced performance of lower, average and high achievers more than the traditional teaching approach.

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FACILITATING UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH IN STUDENT ATHLETICS THROUGH A FACULTY-STUDENT PARTNERSHIP: BUILDING SUPPORT STRUCTURES TO FOSTER TEACHING AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

William Sterrett, Ryan Cretens, Sue Combs, Sydney Brock, James DeVita, Shauna Baker-Karl, Madison Melnick

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This study overviews a two-year effort collaborative mentoring project at
a regional university involving 3 faculty members partnered with 3 undergraduate
student-athletes and an academic advisor. The study, which focused the perceptions
of student-athletes across university athletic teams through the lens of
communication, yields insights on the “high impact practice” of student-faculty
research. In this effort, a mentoring relationship was formed over a two-year period
where faculty and undergraduate students worked as partners in seeking to better
understand the needs of student-athletes across all varsity athletic teams. The faculty
partnered with the student-athletes to plan, execute, and analyze a qualitative
research study involving 28 student-athletes with at least one student representative
from each of the 18 athletic teams. This two-year effort allowed collaborative,
interdisciplinary structures to provide a framework for mentoring, research, and
dissemination, and allowed the university Faculty Athletic Council to better
understand student-athletes’ perspective on on-campus support systems.

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FULL DAY SCHOOL POLICY FOR CHILDREN’S CHARACTER DEVELOPMENT: LESSONS FROM INDONESIAN ISLAMIC EDUCATION

Abd. Madjid

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For decades, politicians have been debating over different ideas for
education reform for Indonesian education. The idea of full-day school (FDS) might
fit in the traditional schooling practices in Indonesia which can add the burden for
teachers and students.
The purpose of this study was to analyzed FDS policy in Indonesia for children’s
character building. The character of a nation is an important aspect that affects the
socio-economic development. High quality character of the community will surely
grow a strong desire to improve the quality of the nation. The key to successful
success of a country is determined by the extent to which the public has the
character that is conducive to advancing the so-called "social capital".
Based on analysis result, FDS system is beneficial to improve students’ academic
and non-academic aspects, including character. Character cultivation in students was
performed integratedly in intracurricular, cocurricular, and extracurricular
activities. Students’ character can be improved in FDS application because it
increased children’s social interaction and getting them use to positive activities.
The students also received had teachers and teaching staffs as their role model.

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HIGHER-ORDER THINKING SKILLS OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Artha Mahindra Diputera, Dewi Liesnoor Setyowati, Endang Susilaningsih

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Essay tests have the ability to interpret the value of individual tests in
relation to a set of goals, skills or competencies. The study aims to determine the
ability of high-school students to think high. The research was conducted by
quantitative technique with 30 samples on small scale test and 105 students on large
scale test. Samples were taken randomly from the population. data collection
techniques using Tests. Students do not seem too different because they get the
ability to answer a short enough question. The results of large-scale test ability of
analysis of 43% very high, 26% High, 26% medium, and 6% low. Evaluation ability
of 30% very high, 21% high, 20% medium, 29% low, and 1% very low. Create
ability 29% very high, 28% high, 41% medium, and 3% low. Analyze and create
capabilities have the same percentage for each category. Large-scale tests show an
increase in ability of each ability. Decreasing the category is very effective, teachers
need to improve their ability and evaluation. Category Low and very low in the
category of evaluation. Teachers are encouraged to use learning models that train
high-order thinking skills.

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HOW TEACHERS FEEL ABOUT FEEDBACK FROM ADMINISTRATORS 68

Thomas Roberge

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The problem investigated for this research study was communication disparity evidenced by how
teachers interpret and react to principal’s feedback. Principal-to-teacher communication disparity is causing
teachers to become dissatisfied and elevating teacher attrition. This study identified and helped to understand
how K-12 teachers in a representative school district perceive their principal’s evaluations and feedback in the
forms of written, verbal, and a combination of the two. The intent of this qualitative inquiry and
phenomenological design was to explore the essence of the phenomenon of principal-to-teacher performance
evaluation to better understand objective feedback and evaluation. Of the 200 K-12 teachers recruited, 129
completed and submitted an online survey requesting their perceptions of principal feedback (response rate of
65%). Based on the submitted survey, 15 participants were selected to participate in interviews. Selection was
based on having an administrative evaluation in the past three years and their willingness to participate in a live
interview. Interviews and survey results from this study indicate teachers understood the importance of
evaluations and thought their principal’s intentions were respectable. More than half believed principal
evaluations were unproductive and their manner of communication had an effect on teachers’ job satisfaction.
Keywords/phrases: teacher discontentment, feedback, communication disparity, teacher retention, job
satisfaction, teaching performance assessment

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IMPACTS OF A STUDY ABROAD PROGRAM IN NORTHWEST CHINA ON TEACHER EDUCATION STUDENTS IN THE UNITED STATES

Yuliang Liu, Craig Miner

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The study was designed to investigate how a study abroad program with an experiential learning
experience in China affected teacher education students in the U. S. in May 2016. The study used the
exploratory mixed methods design to collect data. A group of 16 undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in
study abroad. Student performance was assessed based on (a) participation, journals, reflection papers, and
electronic portfolios as well as (b) the diversity standard of the Illinois Professional Teaching Standards in the
U.S. Results indicated all participants enjoyed the program and benefited professionally from it in a variety of
aspects such as their increased understandings of culture and diversity, the similarities and differences between
the Chinese and the American educational systems, as well as teacher’s identity and professionalism.
International implications resulted from the study findings.

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IMPLEMENTING NEW LITERACIES INSTRUCTION AND DESIGN THROUGH A CROSS-INSTITUTIONAL PEER REVIEW PROCESS WITH PRE-SERVICE EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATORS

Jennifer Barrett-Tatum

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Teacher education programs are challenged in supporting pre-service
teachers’ emerging understandings of literacy-based instructional practices. Peer
reviews have been shown to enhance knowledge among pre-service teachers. This
study investigated how pre-service teachers in two early childhood programs utilized
a critical peer review process focused on peers’ instructional and digital design
techniques. Two instructors paired pre-service teachers from face-to-face and
distance learning early childhood programs for a critical review activity. Pre-service
teachers designed a digital literacy lesson and provided feedback to their partners
through a peer critique form. Charmaz’s (2006) constant comparative method was
used to guide an analysis of what pre-service teachers prioritized in the peer reviews.
Findings indicated the review feedback focused on three pedagogical practices: (1)
content-based skills, (2) multimodalities to increase engagement, (3) and
developmentally appropriate simplicity and interactional design for young children.
Implications include how critical peer processes help instructors identify
instructional priorities of pre-service teachers.

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LEARNING VOCABULARY AT TERTIARY LEVEL: STRATEGIES, TECHNIQUES AND MATERIALS

Md. Alaul Alam, Md. Ashrafuzzaman

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This paper shows the strategies taken by the learners at the tertiary level
to enrich vocabulary skills and the materials which are used by the learners in terms
of acquiring vocabulary. Besides, this study aims to investigate the self-selected
techniques of L2 learners in the context of Bangladesh. This research was
qualitative in nature. Data were collected from the students and teachers of Private
Universities. Data were collected through a semi-structured interview questionnaire
for the students, a semi-structured interview schedule for the teachers and a focus
group discussion guideline for the students. Major findings of the study showed that
contextual reading, using dictionary, using online social platform, watching movie,
taking note, listening lectures, memorizing, listening audio- visual materials and
reading billboard were taken by the learners as the strategies to enrich vocabulary.
Moreover, learners discovered self-selected techniques either in the sub-conscious
or in the conscious state of mind.

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LEVELS OF LANGUAGE ANXIETY TOWARD ENGLISH: A SAMPLE FROM DAVAO DEL NORTE

Annie Mae C. Berowa

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This study was conducted to provide insights on the levels of language
anxiety experienced by learners of English as a second language (ESL) in Davao del
Norte, Philippines. Additionally, it tried to determine the significant relationship
between anxiety vis-à-vis gender and year level variables that could be influential
factors in the success or failure in learning English. The data were obtained from 60
university students using a two-part questionnaire which contained Park’s (2014)
modified version of the 33-item Foreign Language Anxiety Scale (FLCAS). The
results showed neutral level of language anxiety among the respondents in all areas.
Furthermore, no significant relationship between English language anxiety vis-à-vis
gender and year-level of the students was found. Since all the aspects that could
provoke anxiety are kept to their adequate level, it could be a good indication of the
learning and teaching environment of the students since neutral level of anxiety is
believed to perform a positive role in keeping the motivation of the learners to
maintain their efforts in language learning.

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PERCEPTIONS, PRACTICES, AND GUIDING PRINCIPLES OF PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS IN THE QUEST FOR NEWS AND INFORMATION ACROSS INFORMAL MEDIA

Slimane Aboulkacem, Lory E. Haas

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The means to access and produce news through social/informal media is ubiquitous. Factors such as
the abundance of information coupled with heavy reliance of information and news browsers on the Internet
raise dilemmas of trust and credibility. Additionally, the news ecology of today is characterized by rapid news
dissemination and subsequent opinion sharing about news stories; hence, finding the true piece of information
may be a tedious endeavor. Today more than ever before, the 21st century citizen needs news and information
literacy skills to collect, analyze, and synthesize credible information in order to exercise good citizenry. This
survey study targeted 124 preservice teachers from a mid-southwest university in Texas, USA, to explore the
defining traits of their online news media literacy knowledge and experiences while questing for information.
Results revealed a lack of knowledge about news media and information literacy. A disconnect between
preservice teachers’ beliefs and practices was discerned, especially amid what we refer to as the influencing
powers of media and news consumption. Additionally, exploration of responses to survey items revealed three
underlying themes of perceptions, practices, and guiding principles which inform the individual’s personal
media ecology.

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RESTRUCTURING OF PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS IN A COMPETITIVE MARKET

Youngsik Hwang

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Over time private postsecondary institutions in the United States have
developed their structures in order to survive in the competitive higher education
market. These private institutions have foundations in different social values and
have executed different roles to back up the marginal public space for prospective
students. In overviewing the characteristics of how private institutions have survived
in the competitive market, this paper provides insight into how they alter their
structure to meet social needs in the higher education system. This paper also
suggests that restructuring planning for private institutions is beneficial in the long
run, which provides policy implications for institutional researchers.

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SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL PREDICTORS OF JOB SATISFACTION AMONG ACADEMIC STAFF OF UNIVERSITIES IN GHANA

Eugene Yaw Milledzi, William Boateng, Mark Owusu Amponsah, James Adu Opare

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The study assessed the interaction effects of organizational climate as a
key moderating variable on socio-psychological factors that influence levels of job
satisfaction among academic staff of universities in Ghana. The descriptive sample
survey design was used and a stratified proportional random sampling procedure
was employed to select a total sample of 376 academic staff based on rank and
gender. The Linear Multiple Regression Analysis Procedure was used for the
analysis of data and the result showed that organizational climate is a key
moderating variable for job satisfaction among academic staff of universities in
Ghana. It was recommended that stakeholders in higher education should make
pragmatic efforts to create conducive organizational climate in their institutions.

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SPACED TESTING AND MEMORY RETENTION FOR TEXTBOOK READINGS

Kyle J. Susa, Steven Dessenberger

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Known as the testing effect, decades of educational research in psychology have demonstrated that testing
memory enhances subsequent memory retention. This effect is bolstered when testing is repeated over time at
spaced intervals. The current study examined whether test repetition and various intervals of spacing could be
implemented into a college course to enhance students’ memory retention for textbook readings. Students
completed weekly online tests of chapter readings over the course of the semester, whereby critical test questions
from early in the semester were repeated 3 times (or once in the control condition) using either equal-spaced or
expanded-spaced repetition intervals. Results indicate that students’ memory for information read is best retained
for questions administered using expanded-spaced intervals.

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THE MISSION STATEMENTS OF A STATE EDUCATIVE SYSTEM: TECNOLOGICO NACIONAL DE MEXICO

José Satsumi López Morales, Rosio del Alva Lara Segura, Flor Virginia Leon, Antonio Huerta Estevez, Claudia Guadalupe Zarrabal Gutierrez

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This research focuses on the analysis of the main dimensions that integrate the mission of the Technological
Institutes that integrate the Tecnologico Nacional de México (TNM). For this purpose, an 18-dimensional matrix of
elements that integrate the mission was designed and a qualitative technique of content analysis was used for the
analysis of the missions of the 256 Technological Institutes. An indicator that is an average, called "percentage of
presence", was also elaborated. The results indicate that the highest "presence percentages" are held by the
Decentralized Technological Institutes (DTIs). In addition, the dimensions that have high presence percentages are
"services" and "technology"

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