TOJNED - Volume 8 - Issue 4 - October 2018

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‘WE CONSIDERED OURSELVES A TEAM’: CO-TEACHING FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF GRADUATE TEACHING ASSISTANTS

ALYSSA HARTER, LAURA JACOBI

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Abstract:

Previous research has explored the influence of co-teaching models on student learning in the K-12 grade
curriculum. However, little research explores the effects of co-teaching models implemented in higher
education among graduate teaching assistants (GTAs). This case study examines the benefits and
drawbacks of co-teaching models in higher education classes for GTAs. Two sections of the basic
communication course (one for international students and one for American students) at a mid-sized
Midwestern university were combined for 50% of the semester classes. Lessons with a focus on
intercultural communication were co-constructed and co-taught by two GTAs. Based on this experience, a
reflexive journal was used to identify emerging themes pertaining to the benefits, drawbacks, and student
learning outcomes of co-teaching by GTAs in higher education. In addition, in-depth semi-structured
interviews were used to gather the perspectives of three GTAs with co-teaching experience. Results
reveal variety of teaching approaches, wealth of instructor experiences, instructor chemistry, and
instructor approachability as benefits of co-teaching. Perceived drawbacks include power distances and
lack of familiarity with pedagogy and co-teaching models. Implications for GTAs and students in higher
education are explored.

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A STUDY ON THE INVESTIGATION OF LEARNING ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE AND INSTRUCTIONAL LEADERSHIP IN TERMS OF TEACHERS IN SCHOOL

Özlem ERDEM, Erkan AÇIKYÖRÜK

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Abstract:

In this study, the relation between learning organization and educational leadership has been searched from teachers'
point of view. To this purpose, 94 primary school teachers and 65 high school teachers, actively working in Ankara
province, have been included in the study as the sample of the population. The data for the research were collected
through literature review, survey, and information sheet. The survey used by ªiºman (2004 ) on school administrators'
educational leadership has been determined as the means to gather data in this study. The data have been analyzed
through SPSS 20. At the end of the study, it was found that there is a positive correlation between learning
organizations and educational leadership from teachers' point of view.

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AVAILABILITY OF PHYSICAL FACILITIES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL OF EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA

Bernadette Nnenna Odey

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Abstract:

This study assessed the level of available physical facilities for the implementation of Universal Basic Education
(UBE) in junior secondary schools of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey research
design. The study population comprised all the 221 junior secondary schools in the State. Checklist was used to
generate data. The checklist was designed to collect the inventory of available physical facilities in JSS in
Ebonyi State. The checklist was face validated by three experts, one from measurement and evaluation, two in
Educational Administration of Ebonyi State University which was subjected to test of reliability using Kendal’s
coefficient of concordance. Data collected were analysed using frequency and simple ratio based on the
minimum standard (benchmark) for establishing schools while the research hypothesis was tested using chisquare
test of independence. The result of the study revealed that available physical facilities in JSS in Ebonyi
State are generally inadequate except staffrooms. However, schools located in urban areas have more physical
facilities than schools in rural areas. The study observed that the inadequacy of available physical facilities in
junior secondary schools in Ebonyi State hinders the implementation and attainment of the UBE goals. However,
the inequality in the allocation of educational resources which favoured schools located in urban areas to the
detriment of rural schools implies that students in urban schools will benefit more from the UBE programme and
subsequently perform better than students from schools in rural areas academically. Based on the findings, it was
recommended that Parent Teachers Association (PTA), non-governmental organizations (NGOs), philanthropists
should assist the government in providing physical facilities in junior secondary schools.

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EFFECTS OF GRAPHING CALCULATOR ON LEARNING INTRODUCTORY STATISTICS

Wei Wei, Katherine Johnson

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Graphing calculators have been beneficial for teaching and learning statistics. Graphing calculators help students to
visualize concepts, deal with real world data, and obtain accurate results promptly. However, heavily relying on the
technology may hinder students’ conceptual understanding and lead to misconceptions. In this study, we focus on
the effect of using graphing calculator on students’ performance of normal probability calculations and hypothesis
testing, student’ conceptual understanding of normal distribution and p-value, and students’ retention on these
concepts.

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E-PORTFOLIOS, COURSE DESIGN, AND STUDENT LEARNING: A CASE STUDY OF A FACULTY LEARNING COMMUNITY

Devshikha Bose, Patrick R. Lowenthal

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The purpose of this case study was to investigate faculty perceptions of participating in a Faculty Learning Community
(FLC) and how the FLC contributed toward their pedagogical use of e-portfolios. The researchers were also interested
in faculty perceptions of the potential impact of e-portfolios on student learning. An online survey and focus group
were used to collect data for this study. Results suggest that the FLC, as a professional development experience,
enabled faculty at different levels of e-portfolio adoption, to learn from their peers, become more confident instructors,
reflect on course design, and plan for changes in the instructional use of e-portfolios. Faculty reported that changes in
instructional design through the intentional inclusion of e-portfolios can have a positive impact on student learning.
Implications for practice are discussed.

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EVALUATION OF CHARACTER AND MORAL EDUCATION IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 6

Eli Meivawati, Badrun Kartowagiran, Tin Rustini

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Abstract:

The best time to start formal character and moral education is at elementary school. Character and moral education
become guidelines for elementary school students to build a foundation for themselves when they have to face the
future. Character and moral education in Indonesia has long been implemented, but evaluation is rare. It makes the
program of character and moral education not done perfectly. This study aims to describe and evaluate the
implementation of character-moral education in primary schools in Indonesia. There are three schools that are
evaluated with teachers and principals as informans. Evaluation model used is evaluation of context, input, process,
and output (CIPO). This model is considered best suited to the implementation of educational programs in schools.
Evaluation results show that the three schools are able to apply character and moral education well in context, but
there are still some obstacles to program input. It's like there is no government funding, poor school facilities, and
uncertified teachers. In the process, the implementation of character and moral-based education can be clearly seen
in co-curricular, extracurricular, literacy activities, and school-specific programs. Suggestions for related parties that
need synergy between the school, parents, and community so that the values of character and morality can be
consistently internalized in students.

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EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING AND UNDERSTANDING DUALITIES IN REFLECTING LIFE EVENTS

Rebecca Samson – Gaddi, Goyena Solis - San Pascual, Kwangdong Lee

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This paper shows the intertwining of experiential learning, reflection of life events and motivation. It also reveals
that crucial to reflection is being able to see the ‘two selves’ in the way memory recall transpires, which affects
ones interpretation. Through the narratives of selected women leaders of a national women’s organization in the
Philippines, the dualities of self-meanings in ones self- reflection were clarified, which when deciphered, leads
to better decisions and solutions to problems. The role of motivation is integrated as a significant push for action.

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IMPACT OF GLOBAL ENGLISH TO FORM THE IDEAL L2 SELF AND MOTIVATION OF ASIAN RURAL L2 UNDERGRADUATES

Prasangani K.S.N.

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This study examined the key contribution of global English to motivate the L2 undergraduates in two rural
Asian contexts. A 49-item adapted motivation questionnaire was used to collect the data from 362 Sri Lankan
and 60 Malaysian rural undergraduates. Dornyei’s L2 Motivational Self System was utilized as the major
theoretical framework of the study. In order to find the relationship between the motivation and ideal L2 self of
the undergraduates Pearson correlation analysis was run. Interestingly there was a significant positive
correlation between the motivated learning and the ideal L2 self in both groups. Further, the ideal L2 self of
these learners highlighted the timely need of global English to reach their future goals.

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RELEVANCE OF LEARNING SCIENCE THROUGH INQUIRY BASED PARTICIPATORY ACTION RESEARCH IN BASIC PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF NEPAL: A PROPOSAL 9

Kamal Prasad Acharya, Bhimsen Devkota, Chitra Bahadur Budhathoki, Birgette Bjonness

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Abstract:

Participatory action research (PAR) is a methodological stance based on the critical interpretivist philosophy.
Classroom-based PAR offers a platform by which science teachers act as co-researchers, can contribute to the cocreation
of knowledge and its production through classroom teaching and learning strategies. The purpose of this
study is to transform the traditional science classroom pedagogy (chalk and talk approach) into inquiry based
science teaching through meaningful students engagement activities in the school garden, hands-on activities by the
improvisation of low-cost and no-cost materials and the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in
the basic level public school system in Nepal. The research design is the PAR approach that will support for
transformative learning. PAR advocates the ideas of critical reflection which means that it helps of being reflexive
that helps to co-create the learning to ensure the participation of students, teachers and parents. It also attempts to
answer the question: What role can PAR play in facilitating inquiry-oriented learning in the basic level schools in
Nepal? It will help policy makers to incorporate inquiry-based pedagogy by the participation of students and
teachers.

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SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF THE CHECK-IN/ CHECK-OUT COMPONENTS AND THE EFFECTIVENESS FOR STUDENTS WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIORS

Dana Laging, Caitlin Buerger, Christine Hoekstra, Shannon Childs

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Abstract:

The purpose of this systematic literature review was to summarize the outcomes of the Check-In and Check-Out
(CICO) intervention components and the effectiveness of the intervention for at risk students with challenging
behaviors across multiple grade levels. School-wide Positive Behavior Supports (SWPBS) is a system of evidence
based interventions that are implemented on a continuum to reach academic and behavioral success for all students.
CICO is a tier 2 behavioral intervention package that promotes positive reinforcement, social skills training, frequent
feedback, and home communication. The findings indicate that the CICO procedures contain similar components
and that it is an effective Tier 2 intervention for problem behaviors.

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THE IMPACT OF ELECTRONIC FEEDBACK ON STUDENTS’WRITING QUALITY 11

Wardani Dwi Wihastyanang, M. Adnan Latief

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of electronic feedback on second year English
college students’ writing quality. LMS as the educational technologies are growing creates a broad spectrum of
ways in which technology can be integrated into classroom instruction. Electronic feedback is defined as
feedback in digital (described as information, image, audio, video, and etc) that is recorded or broadcast using
computer technology. This study adopted quasi experimental methods to investigate the impact of electronic
feedback on students’ writing quality. The researcher conducted a experimental design with second years
students at one of the private university in Jombang regarding their usage and perceptions of E-Feedback in
Schoology. The result of this study indicate that the ineffectiveness of e-learning caused by the differences of
students’ learning style and the first thing to do before the implementation of e-feedback is to provide good
facilities and infrastructure.

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