TOJNED - Volume 12 - Issue 2 - April 2022

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A LONGITUDINAL STUDY ON THE OPINIONS OF SUPERVISOR AND TEACHERS ON EDUCATIONAL SUPERVISION IN TRNC

Lütfiye FEDAİ

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Supervision determines, evaluates and develops how the activities carried out in the learning and teaching process within the education system take place, progress and whether these activities serve the expected purposes. The aim of this research is to determine the opinions of the auditors on the subject of auditing in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. The research was conducted on the basis of the case study technique model, which is one of the qualitative research methods. In line with this purpose, as a continuation of the study carried out by the researcher in 2012, data were collected with semi-structured interview technique in 2021 and the obtained data were analyzed by content analysis method. The study group of the research consists of 19 supervisors and 15 teachers determined by the purposeful sampling technique. As a result of the research, it was determined that the opinions of the supervisors and teachers showed parallelism in line with the obtained data. However, it was determined that the teachers who participated in the research in 2021 had a more positive view of the supervisor and supervision than the teachers who participated in the research in 2012.

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BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES OF INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY INTO ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE (ESL) COURSES

Germain Degardin, Gaspard Mucundanyi

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Teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) presents challenges. The ESL students learn and adapt to a new language while struggling to make a transition from their native languages. The ESL teachers communicate in a new language that students are not yet familiar with, but want to master. However, integrating technology in the classroom is becoming a necessity. Technology can be a supporting tool that provides a new experience for ESL students to learn and master English. Through systematic review, this study points out the benefits and challenges of integrating technology into ESL courses from teachers’ perspectives. The findings of this study may help the novice ESL teachers to integrate technology into the classrooms. In addition, the findings may encourage ESL teachers, school administrators, and researchers to find solutions to the challenges in this article and encourage more ESL teachers to integrate technology in the classroom. 

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DEVELOPING PHOTOVOICE THROUGH AN EDUCATIONAL LENS FOR THE EYE GENERATION

Abigail Aboulkacem, Lory Haas, Slimane Aboulkacem

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Viewing the world through images and visual experiences has become an increasingly important facet of society in our digital age. In this qualitative study we examined the perceptions of 48 preservice teachers by discussing their own photographs. A participatory action research method, photovoice, was selected to provide the participants with opportunities to explore and analyze photographs. The goal was to develop visual literacy, critical pedagogy, and an understanding of the educational system's role in maintaining or challenging diverse values, policies, and perspectives. As a final project, the participants presented their photovoice projects and responded to reflective questions. One of the major findings was an increase in the depth of discussion and interpretation of photos. The analysis of the students’ reflections and photos yielded themes of overcoming life’s hardships, the importance of supportive people in their lives, a passion for teaching, and the significance of diversity and individual differences.

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DIGITAL STORYTELLING IN THE CONTEXT OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES

Gökhan Koşer

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In recent years, with the development of technology, the use of technological media and multimedia tools such as tablets, e-books, e-magazines, interactive smart boards and smart classrooms has increased in the field of education. However, it is not enough to include these and similar tools in the training program. The education system aims to provide students with skills such as exhibiting new and creative ideas, critical thinking and problem solving, taking part in collaborative studies, being responsible, information literacy, media literacy, information and communication technologies literacy. Digital story as a multimedia tool is seen as an educational technology and literacy learning tool that uses almost all the skills that students are expected to have in the 21st century. This research aims to examine digital storytelling in the context of digital technologies in education. In the context of the keywords determined in the research, the literature was examined and the findings were conveyed. As a result, it was determined that students' critical thinking dispositions, collaborative editing skills and story-making skills were positively affected by the digital storytelling process.

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MOTHER TONGUE-BASED MULTILINGUAL EDUCATION: THE ATTITUDES AND CHALLENGES FACED BY HIGH SCHOOL AND SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS IN ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR

Friendly Mark H. Andrino, Nuje Mor S. Arsenal

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The study illustrates the attitudes of public high school and senior high school teachers in Zamboanga del Sur, Philippines towards Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTBMLE) policy; the challenges they experienced that are attributed to it; and their suggestions in improving such language education policy. The study adapted the modified version of Ejieh’s (2004) questionnaire, such modifications were done by Tonio and Ella (2019) in their study for it to fit in the Philippine educational context. Using Chronbach’s Alpha, Tonio and Ella’s (2019) modified questionnaire garnered a 0.80 rating for reliability. The questionnaire was administered online, and the data were obtained from 70 secondary teachers of sixteen (16) public high schools in the Zamboanga del Sur province. The data were analyzed using the frequency and mean computation as well as thematic analysis. The results indicate that generally, the teachers disagree that the MTB-MLE policy is in good principle as they believe that it will not make the lessons interesting to students, and that it will not enable them to understand their lessons easily. In addition, some of the most recurring challenges associated with the policy include reading and instruction comprehension difficulties, degradation of English language literacy and proficiency, language and/or communication barrier between the teacher and the students, poor vocabulary and other grammar issues, teaching difficulty in Math, and difficulty in learning a second language (L2). Some recommendations obtained from the participants include the call for additional funding and support to MTB-MLE teachers, abolishing the policy and switching to the old curriculum, and revising some aspects of the policy to better suit the linguistic diversity of the country.

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PRACTICING APPRECIATIVE INQUIRY IN UNDERGRADUATE ECONOMICS EDUCATION

Iqtidar Ali Shah, Shubhayu Mookerjee

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Appreciative Inquiry (Ai)* is a strengths-based approach to organizational development that has used in place of the traditional deficit-based approach and has been very successfully applied to improve organizational outcomes. In this research study, Ai is applied to a diverse group of students in undergraduate non-specialist Economics classrooms to verify its effectiveness in the teaching-learning process. The objective of this paper to examine the pedagogical use of Ai in teaching and validate its utility in economics courses. Moreover, the specific objective is to find out challenges and opportunities when using Ai in classrooms. The approach is applied to five sections of Economics classes at Yorkville University, British Columbia Campus, Canada. Students, in each section were divided into small groups-the four phases of the Ai Cycle (Discovery, Dream, Design and Destiny) were then applied to each student group. Each group discovered their strengths, shared their dreams for an ideal class, designed a collective vision/plan as to how to achieve their objectives and started implementing the plan. It was found that Ai increased students’ engagement, confidence, attendance, commitment, and improved the overall academic environment in the class and enhanced student success. We conclude therefore that universities and academic institutions can utilize this rapidly evolving and popular tool of organizational development to positively impact educational outcomes in the classroom.

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STUDY OF THE OPINIONS OF SCOUT LEADERS AND SCOUTS ON THE CONTRIBUTION OF EDUCATIONAL USE OF DRAMA TO THE IMPROVEMENT OF SCOUTS' CREATIVITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS

Esen BAHADIR, Emine EMEL, Esin PEKİN

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The purpose of this research is to examine the views of scout leaders and scouts regarding the contribution of the use of drama in educational activities to the development of the creativity of the scouts and raising environmental awareness. The study group of this research consisted of 282 scouts and 36 scout leaders working in 12 different primary schools in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in 2016-2017 under the Ministry of National Education and Culture Primary Education Department. In the research, a questionnaire was used to measure the contribution of drama, and model of pre-test and post-test was used to determine how much their creativity developed.  
In the workshops entitled Environment and Wetlands, both environmental awareness was developed and information  about wetlands was provided. In addition, the scouts created slogans, composed songs and shouts about this subject. It has been revealed that the scout leader and the majority of the scouts think that Drama has positive effects on improving the creativity of the scouts and increasing their knowledge and manners..

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THE BENEFITS AND DISADVANTAGES OF DIVERSITY MANAGEMENT IN EDUCATION

Elif ASVAROĞLU, Fahri ASVAROĞLU

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An organization consists of individuals that differ in many characteristics. Difference, different identities, backgrounds, experience, faith, age, gender, race, ethnicity, nationality, people with a marital status in religion, class, business experience, physical talent quality, education or any group, community or organization. a mix of features such as political and economic relations. The global migration rate has increased with globalization and has affected these direct education systems and made schools need to manage diversity. This research aims to reveal the advantages and disadvantages of diversity management in education. In line with the research purpose, the document analysis method was applied. After determining the research keywords, a literature review was conducted. As a result of the research, it has been revealed that the necessity of diversity management in schools and the need to inform the administrators and teachers about the emerging disadvantages and to organize in-service trainings.

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