TOJNED - Volume 12 - Issue 3 - July 2022

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LANGUAGE ANXIETY TOWARDS ENGLISH AMONG ESL STUDENTS: THE CASE OF FIRST YEAR STUDENTS AT MINDANAO STATE UNIVERSITY

Haninah M. H. Said, Aisha S. Omar

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A number of studies on second language or foreign language anxiety have reported the enervating effect it can cast on learning, particularly speaking a second/foreign language, that must be overcome by students in order for them to take full advantage of second/foreign instructions (Horwitz et al., 1986 as cited in Tanveer, 2007). Hence, the main purpose of this exploratory study was to identify the level and causes of language anxiety experienced by learners of English as a second language (ESL) in Mindanao State University-Main Campus, Marawi, Philippines, as well as to suggest some strategies for dealing with it. This study employed descriptive qualitative research as a research approach on 35 first-year university students using a questionnaire which contains Park’s (2014) modified version of the 33-item Foreign Language Anxiety Scale (FLCAS) and an interview using the questions taken from Tanveer’s (2007) study. Furthermore, means and standard deviation were calculated and used to analyze language anxiety level; and a directed content analysis were conducted for the gathered qualitative data. The results showed neutral level of language anxiety among the respondents in overall components. Furthermore, these were the factors that cause language anxiety among the respondents: (1) linguistic difficulties: a poor command of grammar rules, lack of sufficient vocabulary and pronunciation difficulties (2) cognitive challenges: self-related cognition, fear of making mistakes and apprehension of others’ evaluation, and (3) social factors: presentation in the classroom or in public and the role of teachers in the classroom. Finally, the learners offered some concrete suggestions to lower language anxiety in the classroom to provide insights into how educators can develop appropriate interventions to decrease language anxiety among second language learners.

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PROBLEM BASED LEARNING; TEACHER AND STUDENT ROLES

Gökhan Koşer

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Different learning strategies, approaches and models based on student-centered and active learning have been included in the teaching-learning process. One of these learning approaches is the problem-based learning approach. The problem-based learning approach is defined as an experiential learning approach that is prearranged within the framework of the explanation and solution of real life-related problems. This research examines the concept of problem-based learning process. In the study carried out with the document analysis method, which is one of the qualitative research methods, the relevant literature was examined and the findings were discussed. As a result of the research, it was concluded that the problem-based learning process should be well understood by the students and that the teacher should provide the student's learning with methods such as encouragement and hints in this process.

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PSYCHO-SOCIAL PROBLEMS CAUSED BY TECHNOLOGY ADDICTION

Demet KARAKARTAL

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The progress of technology can cause it to become an important part of our daily life and the correct use of technology makes life much easier; However, it is noteworthy that some negative effects such as 'addiction' also occur due to long-term and uncontrolled use. When the relevant literature is examined, it is seen that the concept of addiction is used especially to express substance addiction, but in recent years, various behavioral addictions as well as substance use can also take their place among the diagnostic books, and one of these behavioral addictions can be technology addiction. Technology addiction; excessive use of the internet and technological devices, inability to satisfy the desire to use, neglecting activities due to excessive use, excessive use harming social relations, using it as an escape tool from negative emotions and daily stresses, experiencing problems in reducing and stopping use, It can be defined as being tense and nervous in situations and lying about the duration and amount of use. Related to this, technology addiction; the  It can adversely affect mental health, and may also impair his profession, academic life, family relations, identity development and social relations. In this study, it is aimed to examine the psycho-social problems that occur as a result of technology addiction.

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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A GROUP COUNSELING PROGRAM ON DEVELOPING DECISION MAKING SKILL OF EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES STUDENTS AT COUNSELING AND MENTAL HEALTH DEPARTMENT

Saleh Daheri

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The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a Group Counseling Program on developing decision making skill of   Educational Sciences students at Counseling and Mental Health department at the World Islamic Science & Education University. The sample of the study which consisted of 40 male and female students was distributed to two groups; experiment and control . For collecting data, a group counselling program ( 10 sessions; two sessions for the experimental group every week was used. Results showed statistical significant differences between the experimental and control groups in the lost scale in decision making skills scale in favor of the experimental group. 

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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CONSTRUCTIVIST SCHOOL LEADERSHIP AND CULTURAL INTELLIGENCE: A STUDY ON INTERNATIONAL BACCALAU- REATE SCHOOLS ACROSS THE EUROPEAN CONTINENT

Brian Vassallo

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The study seeks to establish the relationship between cultural intelligence and constructivist school leadership in IB (International Baccalaureate) schools across Europe. It examined the responses of 42 school leaders who par-ticipated in the Cultural Intelligence Scale Survey and Constructive Leadership Survey designed specifically for the study. Multiple regression analysis was used to determine if the factors of cultural intelligence contribute to a constructivist style of leadership. Results indicate a correlation between cultural intelligence levels and determin-ing elements in the constructivist style of leadership among IB college leaders in various European countries. The results provide scholarship into the selection, training, and professional development of school leaders at all levels within the educational system. Implications from the study make a compelling case towards including cultural aspects into more areas across the higher education curricula. This research makes a unique contribution to the role that cultural intelligence plays in identifying factors that best predict constructive leadership development in IB school environments.

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THE USE OF YOUTUBE IN TEACHING ELEMENTARY ENGLISH

Helen B. Boholano, Patrick B. Orevillo, Lhery Ann T. Agot, Antonnette T. Nugal

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Teaching strategies and instructional materials used by the teachers are an important part of learning. This study aims to determine the impact of incorporating YouTube video clips as an enhancement activity in teaching professional education courses. It also assesses students' perceptions of using YouTube's videos in instructions. Using the mixed method, researchers used questionnaires to collect data and interviews were also conducted. Using videos from YouTube enhances learning. This study aims to determine the impact of incorporating YouTube video clips as an enhancement activity in learning. It also assesses students' perceptions of YouTube's involvement in reading development.  
There were 40 Grade 6 learners who participated in the study. The researchers conducted a 40 item-test before and after to the said group of students to determine the effectiveness of YouTube in teaching elementary English. Findings revealed that the use of YouTube as enhancement activities increases the students’ motivation and improves their academic performance. YouTube videos are very effective to develop reading comprehension skills then it is highly recommended to teachers and students to utilize such strategy in the classroom.

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