TOJNED - Volume 13 - Issue 1 - January 2023

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BEING AN UNIVERSITY STUDENT DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC PROCESS IN THE PSYCHOSOCIAL ASPECT

Şenol GÜVEN, Erman DOĞAN, Atakan YAZICI

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After the pandemic caused by Covid-19, many countries stopped face-to-face education activities and started the distance education process. Accordingly, university students left the provinces where their schools were located and returned to their families. An individual who steps into university life may have different academic, social, and psychological expectations such as specializing in the professional field, acquiring a new social environment, and freedom of individual life. It can be thought that students may have been affected psychosocially as a result of the changing education and living conditions consequence of distance education. Therefore, this study, it was aimed to examine the psychosocial status of students who went to another city to get a university education but had to return to their families' homes due to the pandemic. A total of 23 students from the Faculty of Sport Sciences; 13 female and 10 male, between the ages of 18-24, who had to return to their families' homes due to the pandemic participated in this study, in which the qualitative research method was applied. Personal information form and semi-structured interview form prepared by the researchers were used to collect data. Content analysis was performed to analyze the data. As a result, it was observed that university students who had to return to their families had a decrease in their sense of belonging. They felt anxious and stressed as a result of academic, economic, and family matters, thus their motivation in life declined. In addition, it was found that they could not realize their goals and dreams regarding their social life. That is to say; they broke away from social life, got disappointed with campus life because of not experiencing it thoroughly, and lacked participation in various activities.

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CONSTRUCTION AND VALIDATION OF PROBLEM-SOLVING ABILITY TEST

Ishfaq Ahmad Bhat, G. Arumugam

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The study focused on the construction and validation of a problem-solving ability test. The test consists of 36
multiple choice items regarding numerical and reasoning ability tested on 810 students. The preliminary instrument consists of 46 multiple choice items was tested on 352 secondary school students. After the refinement of items using different procedures, 36 items were selected. The construction and development of the test was done by
expert review, preliminary draft, item analysis, selection of items, preparation of final test, norms, validity, and reliability of the test. The Cronbach’s (α) and split-half reliability of the test as found 0.909 and 0.890 respectively with the intrinsic and criterion validity of the test was found to be 0.953 and 0.781.

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DETERMINING TEACHERS' OPINIONS ON TECHNOLOGY LEADERSHIP ROLES OF SCHOOL HEADS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC PROCESS

Görkem KARAOĞLAN, Figen YAMAN LESINGER

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The purpose of this research; to determine the opinions of teachers about the proficiency levels of technology leadership behaviors of school administrators during the Covid-19 pandemic process. This research was conducted with the descriptive survey model, one of the quantitative research models. The sample of the research consists of 500 primary school teachers working in schools affiliated to the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Ministry of Education, Primary Education Department, in the 2021-2022 academic year. Research data were analyzed with SPSS 25.0 (Statistical Package for Social Science) program. According to the teachers' opinions, it was concluded that primary school administrators exhibited their technology leadership roles adequately in the dimension of human-centeredness, communication and cooperation and support, and partially in the dimension of vision. According to the variables of gender, age and professional seniority; There was no significant difference between teachers' views on human-centeredness, vision, communication and cooperation, and support dimensions of school administrators' technology leadership roles.

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EXAMINING LEARNER AUTONOMY IN EFL LEARNING OF THE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS

Mohammad Arshad Ali, Alaul Alam

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The study examined the learner autonomy in EFL learning at the undergraduate level in the context of Bangladesh. It investigated the effectiveness of learner autonomy on EFL learning. Besides, it explored the factors affecting autonomous learning in English language class. This study adopted a mixed- method approach. Data were collected from 60 students who had just completed their second semester at a private university in Dhaka city. The respondent students attended the compulsory English foundation course including their two semesters. Data were also collected from 12 ELT teachers teaching at the tertiary education level. Five EFL classes were observed following a sample of classroom observation schedule. Both open-ended and closed-ended questionnaires were used by the researchers for collecting the data from the students and teachers. Major findings of the study showed that lack of confidence, teachers’ dependency, lack of motivation, short-term goals in learning, huge confusions and confinement in memorization, tendency of using mother tongue and unawareness to self-evaluation of students affected learner autonomy in EFL learning of the undergraduate students. However, the study revealed that motivated students hardly faced any difficulties in achieving maximum outcomes with autonomous learning in the EFL class. Finally, the researchers gave a number of recommendations to bring out effective EFL learning with learner autonomy.   

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IMPACT OF COVID-9 AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR NAVIGATING THE UNCERTAINTIES OF THE NEW NORMAL

Sharon Alston

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In March 2020, the world came to a halt. What began as a two-week stay-at-home order resulted in 52 weeks of social distancing, quarantining and social isolation. Universities worldwide closed their doors to re-examine higher education in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic. This article describes how the COVID-19 pandemic impacted student learning. The article further describes how students' mental health was exacerbated because of COVID-19. The authors contribute to the recent research on the impact of the pandemic by providing recommendations for how institutions of higher education can support students during the uncertain times we can expect as the pandemic continues to pose threats to the health and safety of the students across the world.

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PERCEPTION OF POPULATION EDUCATION TEACHER ON CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT SYSTEM

Pradeep Kumar Bohara, Rekha Raut

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Background: This study provides the insights of teachers in the significance of continuous assessment system
(CAS) for students. Continuous assessment means ‘the regular evaluation of the learning process’. This form of
testing can be counted in whole, in part or not at all in the students’ final scores. The ultimate objective of
continuous assessment is to increase the learning effect. Research (Dochy & McDowell, 1997) has indicated that
continuous assessment has a greater learning effect than does test only at the end of the learning process.
Objectives of this study are to find out the perception of population teachers on continuous assessment system
practice, to explore the problems in the implementation of CAS and to recommend pedagogical implications
based on the findings of the study.
Methods: This study is based on analytical research design. Data was collected from informants by using
questionnaire (structured and semi-structured). Out of 35 community schools 40 teachers were selected using
simple random sampling procedure. There are 40 teachers who are teaching population education in 35
community schools. Responses of each open ended question was collected, listed, and analyzed separately.
Results: Majority of the respondents 57.5 percent strongly agreed to the statement that CAS decreased the
students absent rate in class. Similarly, 50 percent of the teachers strongly agreed with the statement that CAS
reduced the dropout rate of students. Data shows that highest percentage (45%) strongly agreed with the
statement that CAS helped in effective in teaching learning activities, whereas only 2.5 percent of them totally
disagreed. Maximum percentage (65%) of the teachers agreed with the statement that CAS is effective for the
encouragement and inspiration of students.
Conclusion: The data reveals that the continuous assessment system (CAS) is very effective to enhance the
achievement of the learners. Besides, it helps in decreasing the students absent rate as well as reducing the
dropout rate. In making teaching learning effective CAS plays a vital role. Portfolio of each student proved to be
very influential in the remedial feedback to learners which helps to improve their learning level. Insufficient
resources (e.g., human, financial) are the challenging factors for effective CAS program which needs to be
conquered.

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PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT LEVELS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS TEACHERS'; NORTH CYPRUS CASE

Dilek DÜLGER, Çiğdem KARAGÜLMEZ SAĞLAM

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It is observed that professional burnout is increasing gradually in teaching, which is one of the difficult and important professions today. It would be correct to say that the level of burnout is higher in physical education and sports teachers than in other branch teachers, since it is an applied field. In this context, the aim of the study is to examine the professional burnout levels of physical education and sports teachers working in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. The sample of the study consists of a total of 100 physical education teachers selected by random sampling, working in schools affiliated to the Ministry of National Education in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Girne, Nicosia and Famagusta regions in the 2021-2022 academic year. In the research, "Maslach burnout inventory" created by Maslach and Jackson (1981) and translated into Turkish by İnce and Şahin (2015) was used to examine the professional burnout of physical education and sports teachers. The data obtained from the study showed that teachers have burnout levels.

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STUDENTS LEARNING EXPERIENCES ON THE DELIVERY OF E-LEARNING MODALITY DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC: A CASE STUDY OF THE SENIOR HIGHSCHOOL STUDENTS OF MSU-LNCAT (PHILIPPINES)

Sinab P. MUSTARI

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Purpose: In response to the virus's spread, school administrators joined the call to cancel physical education classes after President Rodrigo Duterte imposed a lockdown during the early Covid-19 outbreak in the Philippines. As a result, the classes were converted to online classes. However, there are difficulties and challenges in terms of student and teacher experiences with the aforementioned online classes. This study was conducted to determine the awareness and knowledge of senior high school students about e-platforms that teachers use to deliver classes during school closures. Additionally, this study is designed to also learn about the students' practices when using the electronic platforms mentioned. Students' challenges and difficulties were also taken into account when using the platform. A change in learning motivation in the electronic environment was also provided. Methodology: This study used a quantitative approach with a descriptive design. Descriptive statistical tools were used in order to provide descriptive analysis of the data. The instrument used is a researcher's made survey questionnaire which has undergone a pilot test to assess its reliability and accuracy. Findings findings revealed that the majority of respondents were aware of and informed about the possibility of using social media apps to continue their classes. With the exception of utilizing headphones, the students demonstrate positive practices in using the e-platform during their online class. The experiences and difficulties students had during online classes, as well as their preference between traditional and online classes, were also addressed. Implications This study implies that the school and its administrators should, whenever possible, enhance their instructional approaches for online classes. In order for teachers to make the most of the online class, school administrators should also increase teachers' readiness, particularly their knowledge of social media tools. Originality This is likely the first published study that discusses the use of electronic platforms used in online classes and the experiences and difficulties faced by the students. Up until this point, no study had been published that examined the experiences and challenges of online classes in Marawi City, Philippines.

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USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA FOR PROMOTIONAL PURPOSES IN TOURISM: THE EXAMPLE OF THE MINISTRY OF TOURISM AND ENVIRONMENT OF THE TURKISH REPUBLIC OF NORTHERN CYPRUS

Feride Baykara, Azmiye Yinal

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Today, with the development of technology, the methods, tools and techniques used by public and private sector organizations in public relations have begun to change. In addition to the private sector, public institutions and organizations also actively use social media. It has become obligatory to use social media to share the work done with the public, create public opinion, inform the public and get the support of the public. How social media is actively used for communication, interaction, feedback and persuading the target audience is also important. Institutions that actively use social media have a greater chance of being successful today. Institutions need to give more importance to social media, whose agenda-setting features and influence are increasing day by day. This study aims to reveal how social media is used for promotional purposes. For this purpose, how the TR Ministry of Tourism uses Facebook, Instagram and Youtube has been examined. Pages were scanned between September and October 2022 to reveal how and for what purpose the Ministry uses these tools. The data obtained by creating a coding scale were analyzed and the findings were interpreted. As a result of the study, it has been determined that the ministry uses social media as a one-way communication tool within the framework of informing the public, the routine activities of the ministry are shared on social media and it is not used for promotion of the country's historical, cultural and touristic values.

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